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美国访问学者如何提升签证通过率

2019年12月27日
来源:知识人网整理
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摘要:尽管美国签证不断的传收紧,但只要申请人准备充分、正常发挥,通过面签的概率还是很大的。如果被面试官拒签,原因可能是多方面的。建议申请人多分析原因,以确保下一次的签证申请能通过。那么访问学者如何提高美国签证的通过率呢?我们一起来看下以下的注意事项。

  尽管美国签证不断的传收紧,但只要申请人准备充分、正常发挥,通过面签的概率还是很大的。如果被面试官拒签,原因可能是多方面的。建议申请人多分析原因,以确保下一次的签证申请能通过。那么访问学者如何提高美国签证的通过率呢?我们一起来看下以下的注意事项。

  01面签注意要点

  申请者要清楚,在签证上签证官要考察的关键点是具有“移民倾向”的赴美申请者,所以申请者的回答要注意以下三点:

  1:没有移民倾向!父母在国内过得很好,经济条件很好!明确说明自己要回国!事业发展计划,工作已经谈好。

  2:学习计划很重要,计划中加入自己要回国的计划。

  3. 实事求是!

  访问学者申请人在面签前应仔细准备资料,并依据材料清单一一核对。

  签证中心官网提供的《研究/学习计划》《导师简历》模板是非常重要的参考文件。

  02面签核心问题

  1Research Area of Interest and Major

  Research Area of Interest and Major:please explain what your major is and what you plan to study)

  专业和研究方向: (请说明您的专业和学习计划)

  2Advisor or Potential Advisor

  Advisor or Potential Advisor: (this means your research advisor not academic advisor)

  导师或有意向的导师:(是您的研究导师而不是学术导师)

  3Is your program coursework only?

  Is your program coursework only? If not, please tell us the name of your research project and give a basic description of your research.

  您的项目只是授课形式?如果不是,请提供您的专项课题的具体名称和内容

  4Research Funding

  Research Funding: (Where is the funding coming from?)

  研究专项资金:(您的研究专项资金从哪里获得?)

  5Practical Application of Research

  Practical Application of Research: 研究课题的实际应用

  如果面签时在上述问题上含糊其词,答非所问,则很有可能引起签证官对申请者赴美动机的疑虑。

  除此之外申请者沉稳淡定的举止,干净整洁的着装、礼貌得体的言谈,都可以从侧面体现申请者的受教育程度、经济条件及职业背景,给签证官一个不错的印象分。

  03签证前准备充分

  如何提高自己获得签证的命中率,建议学生到美国使馆去进行签证之前,需要做好充足的准备工作。

  首先,要证明自己是一个真正的合理、合法的学生。首先必须要有证明你已经被美国大学录取的表格以及录取学校的接收函。此外,所有与学校之间的书信都可以带过去并制定详细的学习计划。

  第二,必须要有详细的资金证明,证明你能在美国顺利完成学业。要么就证明你拿了足够的奖学金,要么就证明你的父母有经济能力负担学费和生活费。要证明你的父母有能力负担学费和生活费,不一定非要一张银行的单据,证明你的父母近期有一笔很大数额的存款,而最好能够拿来能证明父母有稳定的职业和收入的材料。

  第三,必须要能证明你无移民倾向,你到美国是为了学习,有足够的回国理由。在这一部分,你需要制定详细的归国计划。这一部分的准备工作因人而异,每个人都会有所不同。常见的比如你在国内有大笔的财产,或者你已经在国内成家等,这些都是足够让签证官信服的硬性理由。

  04签证时要避开劣势

  准备签证材料其实是充分认识自我的一个过程,有的申请者并不了解自身的情况,只是一味地从网上查看别人的签证准备,而忽略了对自身的综合衡量,往往容易出错。

  对于每一个申请者来说,签证时都有自身的优势和劣势。在签证之前,要把该准备的资料都准备妥当带过去,但是不一定都主动交给签证官查看。建议大家,在首先交给签证官材料的时候,尽量挑选自己的优势内容给签证官,对于那些很难表述清楚的相对弱势的材料,最好等到签证官提及再交给他。

  05回答问题要直接

  在签证之前,最好能找外国人模拟签证。签证官询问的问题没有定性,所以你还需要锻炼自己临机应变的能力。有时候签证官不会问到大家通常都已经准备过的问题,而是拐弯抹角从另外一个角度考察你的实际情况。一般来说,有一些基本的问题必须要仔细地准备:可能会问到一些基本问题:为什么要选择这所大学?你知道这所大学在美国的哪个位置吗,离纽约有多远,从纽约怎么过去?这些问题要求你必须提前对将来的学习进行细致的了解。

  也会有一些很难回答的问题:你喜欢美国吗?你喜欢美国的饭菜吗?遇到类似的问题,回答的时候一定要把握好尺度,不能把喜欢或者不喜欢的感情表现得太强烈,还不能绕弯子,最好是直接回答这个问题,否则容易遭到拒签.

  06面签问题集锦

  Why do you want to apply for J1 visa/ why do you go to US/ what is your purpose to go to US?(为什么申请出国,出国目的)

  I will conduct an epidemiologic study of childhood cancer at ***university.

  提问频率:99%,也就是说是几乎每个人都会被问到。

  Where will you go/ which university?(去哪个大学工作)

  问题频率:95%,这个问题也是会被经常问到的问题,也好回答。

  I‘ll go to ***university for 1 year.

  What will you do at ** university/

  I ‘ll conduct a large epidemiologic study of childhood cancer in China to identify risk factors associated with childhood cancer and risk of prognosis after returning to work at ******.

  What is your research/ how long it will take/ what is the purpose?

  (去做什么研究)

  It’s a large epidemiologic study is to identify risk factors associated with childhood cancer in China and risk of prognosis after returning to work at ******.

  提问频率:93%,这个问题有点小技巧,要实事求是的回答。

  Details and specialation

  I will use data from the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents to examine trends of childhood cancer. Children aged from 0-14 years are involved in this study, the diagnoses of cancer are according to International Classification of Childhood Cancer. Then conduct statistical analysis to investigate the risk factors of children cancer.

  国内的研究专业和研究方向

  I am a second-year Ph.D. student,  my major is ****. My original study is similar with this, using big data to evaluate the risk factors of newborn hearing loss.

  Who give you fund/ sponsorship/ finical support?(谁给予经济支持)

  I am supported by my current school, ****University. We have reached an agreement that I will start working in the hospital after returning to China one year later as a doctor. My family and I are very proud of me as a doctor.

  提问频率:90%,这个问题虽然频率低于上面,但是非常关键,一一回答即可。

  Have you been to US before?(以前去过美国吗)

  提问频率:87%,这个问题有点意思,不过没有大玄机,诚实回答即可。

  No, this is the first time,

  How do you know this university(对要工作地点的认识)

  That is **** University, so famous, and the **** is top 3 around the world.

  How do you know your advisor?

  Last year, Dr. *** was invited to visit our hospital. I have a chance to introduce my research work to her and I found my research interest was similar with her. So I decided to join her team for further research. Fortunately, Dr. Zhang receiver my application.

  Q6 : Why do you do research at US?

  The ***university is among the oldest schools of public health in the country.. I want to go there for more in-depth research to explore the etiology of childhood cancer, so that I can give patients more professional advices and management after returning to work at *** .

  提问频率:85%,考验申请人为何去访学的原因了,申请人要精心回答,但不要过于啰嗦。

  Q7:what do you know about your advisor/ lab ?

  提问频率:82%,同上一个问题也是考验申请人为何去访学的原因了,实事求是的回答,心中所想即是答案。

  Dr. **** is the expert in the field of Oncology. And she has been conducting researches in the areas of cancer etiology and prognosis, and surgical outcomes. She is authored and co-authored on over 250 publications.

  What do you know about your lab ?

  The lad is equipped with many advanced and expensive equipments, such as new generation mass spectrometer. In China, it is hard to use those equipments.

  Practical Application of Research:

  This research will provide important information on international trends for childhood cancers, identify risk factors of etiology and prognosis, could help doctors to optimize healthcare services for cancer patients.

  你毕业(她用的是毕业这个词)后准备做什么?

  I will return to work at ***** , as a doctor. We have reached an agreement.

  给出回国的3个理由:

  1. My family is in China, I must go back.

  2. I have to get may doctor degree one year later.

  3. I have reached an agreement with **** I will start working at ****.

  什么时候走?要待多久?

  I plan to go to the US in April. I” ll stay for 1 year . I understand the 2 year home residency requirement. I will return to China as schechled and start to work at *****.

  近年美国对于中国学者的签证审核越来越严格,部分非敏感专业的申请者签证也出现需要check的问题,一方面是美国对于签证审核更加严格,另一方面也因为部分申请者的研究计划准备不够到位。

  希望各位申请者更理性地看待美国签证材料及面签过程,尽早安排签证事宜。预留出充裕的时间以防万一,确保顺利过签 如果签证环节出现问题,应及时与领事馆及外方院校协调处理,避免因超时而影响公派派出或外方项目推进。